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当局“错过了很多机会”来保护英国人免受现代奴役, new research shows

New research: improving support for British survivors of modern slavery

十大棋牌网赌软件威尔伯福斯十大棋牌网赌软件所(University of Hull 's Wilberforce Institute)的十大棋牌网赌软件表明,英国当局在保护英国公民免受现代奴隶制剥削方面“错过了许多机会”, and when they do get identified as potential victims, they have faced “a cycle of closed doors.”

The research, published today, is being launched in the House of Lords to policy makers, practitioners, local authorities and academics.

It was commissioned by the Modern Slavery and Human Rights Policy and Evidence Centre (Modern Slavery PEC) and carried out by St Mary’s University Twickenham in partnership with the Wilberforce Institute at the University of Hull and Justice & Care and Craig Barlow Consultancy and Training.

该团队调查并采访了50多名与受现代奴隶制影响的人打交道的专业人士, as well as interviewing seven survivors, 为了描绘一幅复杂的图景,系统障碍造成了现代奴隶制的社会和经济脆弱性. 服务部门缺乏早期干预和保护英国公民免受剥削的意识是一个关键特征.

Key findings include:

  • UK professionals from social services, education, 心理健康服务和刑事司法系统“错过了很多机会”来保护英国公民免受现代奴隶制的剥削.
  • 背景和社会因素导致英国国民容易受到剥削. A lack of support to access safe housing, family support, mental health, and substance misuse increased vulnerability to exploitation.
  • 由于对现代奴隶制的误解,在剥削期间与弱势英国人接触的专业人员往往没有认识到他们是现代奴隶制的潜在受害者,而且很难发现剥削的迹象, which can result in them being treated as criminals rather than victims

Alicia Heys, Lecturer in Modern Slavery at the Wilberforce Institute, University of Hull, 他说:“报告发现,在被剥削之前和剥削期间,英国人错过了识别和保护他们的机会,而且对他们因国籍而有权获得什么支持存在混淆。. 十大棋牌网赌软件希望这些十大棋牌网赌软件结果能被用于在一线从业者之间产生对话,以帮助确定哪些地方存在知识空白,并鼓励多机构开展诚实的对话,以帮助确保英国的受害者不再陷入空白.”

转入国家转介机制(NRM)的英国国民人数, 查明和支持现代奴隶制和人口贩运的潜在受害者的国家框架, has increased year on year, rising from 90 in 2013 to 3,952 in 2021. 去年,英国公民占所有潜在受害者的近三分之一(31%). 2021年,在这些转介案件中,涉及儿童的犯罪剥削占最大比例, representing 55% of all referrals of British nationals, with the majority exploited in criminal activities such as ‘county lines’.

所有在现代奴隶制中受到剥削的人都应该得到专门的支持,以安全地从他们的经历中恢复过来.

Liz Williams

Policy Impact Manager at the Modern Slavery PEC

十大棋牌网赌软件发现,尽管与在现代奴隶制中被剥削的人有过接触,或有遭受奴役的风险, 当局错过了许多识别潜在英国受害者和防止他们进一步被剥削的机会. 被认为最容易忽视这些标志的当局包括社会服务部门的专业人员, NHS, education, mental health services and the criminal justice system.

报告指出,背景和社会因素导致英国公民容易受到剥削. A lack of support to access safe housing, family support, mental health, and substance misuse increased vulnerability to exploitation.

These issues, 再加上对现代奴隶制的误解,以及英国人在犯罪活动中经常被利用的事实, 意味着与他们接触的法定机构的专业人员往往很难发现剥削的迹象, which results in them being treated them as criminals rather than victims.

Police, 检察官和其他刑事司法专业人员发现,特别难以区分那些自愿犯罪的人和那些被剥剥者强迫犯罪的人, often resulting in criminalisation, according to the report.

十大棋牌网赌软件还发现,被当局认定为现代奴隶制潜在受害者的英国公民往往很难获得专业支持, facing “a cycle of closed doors”.

As British nationals have recourse to public funds and access to social support, support professionals were often confused about their entitlements. 这导致了转介到地方当局,而不是通过新风险管理标记到专门服务.

该报告建议对现代奴隶制采取一种公共卫生方法,以预防和早期识别英国国民为优先事项, including reviewing legislative protections for survivors. At regional and local levels, 该报告建议实施社区认识和复原方案,发展多机构现代奴隶制伙伴关系.

它建议为可能遇到现代奴隶制潜在受害者的一线专业人员提供培训, specifically addressing the experience of modern slavery for British nationals.

它还建议整合支持经历过现代奴隶制的人的方法, 包括改善通过NRM提供的服务与地方当局之间的沟通, as well as the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) in cases of criminal exploitation.

Liz Williams, Policy Impact Manager at the Modern Slavery PEC, which commissioned the study, 他说:“所有在现代奴隶制中被剥削的人都应该得到专门的支持,以安全地从他们的经历中恢复过来.

十大棋牌网赌软件需要建立一个系统和政策,能够识别并应对经历现代奴隶制的人所面临的具体挑战和脆弱性. 这包括设计支持服务,根据这项十大棋牌网赌软件和其他十大棋牌网赌软件提供的证据,了解英国公民的具体权利和情况.”

Read the full report here.

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